If you are a national of the European Union (also known as Union citizens) entitled to freedom of movement, you have unrestricted access to the German labour market.
If you are a citizen of a so called “third country” and would like to remain in Germany permanently, you need a permit, the so called “residence title”.
In order to obtain a residence title, you need first and foremost to satisfy general preconditions. This means among others that you need to have a passport and a secure livelihood during your stay, and no valid grounds for expulsion may apply. The purpose of your intended stay, your training or your specific qualifications determine exactly which residence title you qualify for.
BLUE CARD: Academics who have graduated from a German higher education institution or who have a recognized foreign higher education qualification or a foreign higher education qualification that is comparable to a German one have been able to obtain an EU Blue Card residence title since 1 August 2012.
Three preconditions need to be met in addition to the general admission conditions in order to receive an EU Blue Card:
- Applicants must provide proof of having completed higher education. If the higher education qualification was not acquired in Germany, it must either be recognized or be comparable to a German higher education qualification.
- Applicants must either provide proof of a specific job offer or present a pre-existing employment contract, or one that has already been signed, and
- This offer or contract must be for at least a specific minimum gross annual salary.